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Cambodia Human Rights

Cambodia Human Rights:

Human rights in Cambodia are virtually non existent though there are various organizations set up throughout the country.  ADHOC (The Cambodia Human Rights and Development Association) is one such organization whose purpose is to support the citizens against discrimination and lack of basic human rights.  Cambodia does not have a specific government department to support basic human rights.  It does have a department to support women and children, but it does little to enforcement their rights.


Law supporting human rights in Cambodia are guided by the United Nations.  In 1993, the United Nations appointed a Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Human Rights and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights opened offices in Cambodia with little results even 20 years later.   There are major human rights violations that go unreported due to lack of assistance by police and government officials. 


Violations by government officials are vast.  Numerous people have filed complaints only to undergo criticism from the officials. Women and children virtually have no rights. 

A history of tortures, arrests, illegal detentions, land rights and forced evictions are ongoing.  In 2012, Chut Wutty was shot to death for defending land a protected forest.   Police officials will often find human rights defenders and charge them with bogus violations.  When police officials interview witnesses, the stories will change making the human rights defenders appear guilty.  There are restrictions on freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, and freedom of association found throughout the country.  However, there have been numerous assignations of prominent figures, journalists, and celebrities. 


Progress in changing the rights of people in slow performance been held by Cambodia.  In 2011, Cambodia finally put a ban on immigration to Malaysia because of allegations of abuse, but it was only a temporary ban rather than permanent.  Indonesia banned workers migrating to Malaysia in 2009 because of the conditions.   Defenders of human rights have been under attack threats against their lives against Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). 


The citizens of Cambodia have an upward struggle for the basic of human rights.  Women are not treated fairly and can only have a job as a domestic.  Spousal abuse and abuse against women are some of the leading complaints.  However, the government rarely prosecutes the offenders.  Men who are land owners fight to keep their land if the government wants it often resulting in being forcibly removed.  The Human Rights in Cambodia are in such a dire state that even government officials who are fighting for the basic rights are often ousted. 


While the United Nations has stepped in to help the citizens of Cambodia achieve the basic human rights they deserve, many government officials fail to uphold and prosecute the offenders.  The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is not treated as a serious pronouncement.  The government of Cambodia must be held to higher standards.  They must treat its citizens, at minimum, with the basic human rights each person deserves. 


Illinois Human Rights

Illinois Human Rights

The Illinois Human Rights Act prohibits the discrimination of a person’s basic rights. Basic rights of citizens of Illinois include discrimination against Race, Color, Religion, National Origin, Ancestry, Age (40 and over), Sex, Marital Status, Order of Protection Status, Physical and Mental Disability, Military Status, Sexual Orientation (including gender-related identity), and/or Unfavorable Military Discharge.  The Illinois Human Rights Act is dedicated to protecting its citizens from companies who might exclude hiring a person based on sexual orientation, disability, and/or unfavorable military discharge, protecting them from financial credit discrimination if a company fails to issue a credit card after an application has been properly completed, among other possible violations. 


In July 2013, Exxon was brought up on charges of discrimination against sexual orientation by Freedom to Work.  Freedom to Work is an organization designed to help prevent discrimination against lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and transgender Americans.  The basis of the law suit is that two applications applying for the same position were sent to Exxon’s corporate office in Illinois.  One application showed a higher GPA, longer work history, and that the applicant volunteered with a gay organization in college.  This applicant was seen has being better qualified for the job, but was not awarded the position.  Freedom to Work is also seeking federal awareness of this type of discrimination against human rights. 


Progress has been made in Illinois as the state is considered as having some of the toughest Human Rights laws in the nation.  However in May 2013, Illinois citizens, who are considered Conservatives, are facing the choice of losing their license, closing a business, or allowing marriage equity which is against their beliefs.  Many institutions where marriages are preformed will either have to allow same-sex civil unions or close the business.  This is a major issue with religious institutions where same sex unions are considered forbidden.      


Violations of the Human Rights Act have been narrowed down to the following areas: employment, real estate transactions, financial credit, public accommodations, and education.  The general process begins with the person who was discriminated against filing charges with the Illinois Human Rights Department.  The charges are reviewed by the department.  If there is evidence found of discrimination, the documentation is sent to the Human Rights Commission who will proceed with a hearing which is similar to a trial in court.  At the close of the hearing, the Commission will make a ruling called an “Order and Decision”.  Once the Order and Decision has been reached the violator, if found guilty, will have to follow the instructions for restitution based on the decision. 


The Illinois Human Rights Act is one of the toughest in the nation providing security and equality for the citizens of Illinois.  The legislature and citizens of Illinois are continuously to find the way looking in to the act help its citizens with their basic rights and prevent discrimination.

United States Ambassador to the United Nations

The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is the face of America at the United Nations General Assembly. The United States has a permanent position in the United Nations General Assembly; therefore this is an incredibly important role in international diplomacy.

Former United States Ambassadors to the United Nations have been prominent U.S. politicians and diplomats. Past United States Ambassadors to the United Nations include Henry Cabot Lodge, Adlai Stevenson, George H. W. Bush, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Madeleine Albright, and Bill Richardson. In the Clinton administration, the position of United States Ambassador to the United Nations was a cabinet level position; it is the same way under Obama’s administration as well; it was not a cabinet position under George W. Bush. The incumbent United States Ambassador to the United Nations under Obama’s administration is Susan Rice. Prior to being the United States Ambassador to the United Nations she was the Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Adviser to President Clinton on national security, and the Foreign Policy Advisor to the presidential campaigns of Michael Dukakis, John Kerry, and Barack Obama.

In this position, Susan Rice will be one of the most well known faces in Obama’s administration to the outside world. As the United States Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice will be a strong and forceful advocate of stronger action. She has been especially vocal about the crisis in Darfur, and it is on her agenda to stop the killings. This is an especially delicate position for Susan Rice, after the Bush administration left United States relations with the UN somewhat tense. Former United States Ambassador to the United Nations, John Bolton under the Bush administration did not offer a comment about Obama’s selection but did voice some concern that it was going to be a cabinet level position. According to John Bolton, it will overstate the importance the United Nations should have on United State foreign policy.

It really must be reiterated that during this time, the selection of the United States Ambassador to the United Nations is quite integral. The Bush administration left a slightly sour taste in their mouth with disregard for many recommendations. One of the most well known United States Ambassadors to the United Nations under the Bush administration was John Bolton and as mentioned in the quote above his views towards to United Nations are not very positive. In fact, John Bolton has been a staunch critic of the United Nations for a large part of his career. His exact words are: “There is no such thing as the United Nations, There is only the international community, which can only be led by the only remaining superpower, which is the United States.” Naturally, those views don’t go very far in an international body where countries are all considered equal. Therefore, selecting the United States Ambassador to the United Nations is a very important decision and it is important that the new representative is somebody who is willing to work with the United Nations to reach a general consensus instead of viewing America as the sole power. The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is a very critical role as it represents America to the international community. The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is essentially our ambassador to the world in many ways, therefore one cannot underestimate the value of this decision and the responsibility that Susan Rice has.

UN Peacekeepers

UN Peacekeepers

UN Peacekeepers

Peacekeeping is defined by the United Nations as ways to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace. UN peacekeepers are also known as Blue Berets, “monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed.” UN peacekeepers will provide assistance in the form of confidence building measures, power sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development. Blue berets consist of soldiers, civilian police officers, and other civilian personnel. The United Nations Charter gives the Security Council the power and responsibility to take action to maintain international peace and security, therefore if UN peacekeepers are sent anywhere; it will be at the request of the Security Council.

UN peacekeepers are mostly sent to operations that have already been developed and implemented by the organization itself, and the troops serve under the UN. Peacekeepers should not be confused with soldiers, as their primary role is not to fight. Blue Berets help facilitate the peace process after it has already been established. Though UN peacekeepers are now armed, it was not the case initially which as a great deal to do with their duties and the nature of their work.
Since the conception of the United Nations in 1948, approximately 130 nations have contributed military and civilian police personnel to peace operations. As of March 2007, the ten largest contributors of UN peacekeepers are Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Jordan, Uruguay, Italy, Ghana, Nigeria, and France. In Africa, the Blue Berets have been sent to places such as Rwanda during their civil war which was in reality a genocide, Somalia during their civil war, and Sierra Leone during their civil war. In the Americas, UN peacekeepers have helped maintain peace in Central America during the Nicaraguan Civil War and Haiti on several occasions. Blue Berets were sent to Haiti in 1991 during a coup and military rule as well as for stabilizing Haiti’s new democracy and later on to train their police. In Asia, UN peacekeepers were sent in the late 1980s during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and most recently between years 2002-2005 to East Timor due to Indonesian invasion and occupation. In Europe, there were plenty of Blue Berets sent to the Balkan States such as the former Yugoslavia and Bosnia in the 1990s. Also in the 1990s, Blue Berets helped maintain peacekeeping operations in Croatia after they had gone through a war. UN peacekeepers were also sent to the Middle East on various occasions such as during the Gulf War and the Iran-Iraq war. Currently the Blue Berets are facilitating peace keeping operations in Sudan, Liberia, Haiti, Cyprus, East Timor, and Lebanon.

While many doubt the success of UN peacekeepers, it is important to keep in mind that they are not there to wage a war and come out victorious. Blue Berets are sent to certain locations where the political climate is still somewhat volatile and they are there to further the peacekeeping process. There are international conflicts that need attention of this nature; Blue Berets are unbiased peacekeepers and are a necessity in certain parts of the world.

UN Sierra Leone

UN operation in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone has been a very troubled area for many years. In 1991, Foday Sankoh of the Revolutionary United Front initiated the Sierra Leone Civil War. In October of 1990, President Momoh set up a constitutional review commission to review the one party system that the country has since 1978. However, there was a tremendous amount of suspicion that Momoh was not serious and rule was blatantly abusing power. Government corruption and mismanagement of diamond resources were the two main reasons that civil war broke out in Sierra Leone. In Liberia, Sierra Leone’s neighbor there was a civil war going on which had an undeniable influence in the start of the civil war in Sierra Leone. Charles Taylor, who was the leader of the National Patriotic Front of Liberia at the time allegedly helped form the Revolutionary United Front under the commander of former Sierra Leonean army corporal Foday Sankoh. For helping with the creating of the RUF, Taylor received diamonds from Sierra Leone, one of their prized and lucrative natural resources. The RUF started attacking villages in Sierra Leone, and the government which was already suffering from a poor economy and corruption were unable to face the opposition. Within a month, RUF controlled most of the Eastern Province and forced the recruitment of child soldiers. As a response, some young soldiers from the Sierra Leonean army started a counter attack and exiled the incumbent president Momoh. These soldiers established the National Provisional Ruling Council. The NPRC was extremely inefficient and more and more of Sierra Leone fell to RUF soldiers. However, in retaliation the NPRC was able to hire hundreds of private mercenaries who then drove the RUF back to the borders of Sierra Leone.

While all this was occurring, there was a great deal of corruption within the NRPC, and its current leader Valentine Strasser was busted in a coup led by his own people, his replacement was Maada Bio. Maada Bio, reinstated the Constitution and called for presidential elections. Ahman Tejan Kabbah, of the Sierra Leone People’s Party won the elections and was in office with a cabinet and the NRPC was trying to legitimize their government. However, recently after Kabbah was ousted by the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council. The head of AFRC, Koroma invited members of the RUF to join his government.

After many unsuccessful attempts to overthrow governments and seize power, the United Nations in 2000 finally decided to send peacekeepers to help bring back order and remove weapons from the rebels. In the ten year civil war, approximately 50,000 people were killed in Sierra Leone’s civil war. By January of 2002 the war was finally declared over and in May of that year Kabbah was reelected president. By 2004 the UN disarmament process was complete and they also backed a war crimes court and began holding trials for senior leaders from both sides of the war.

Blood Diamonds

Diamonds from Sierra Leone are well-known amongst those in the jewelry industry as some of the best quality diamonds available today. However, this prized natural resource has also been wreaking havoc in Sierra Leone today and the diamond trade there is extremely perilous. Diamonds from Sierra Leone have been synonymous with brutality, violence, and conflict. This problem escalated in 1968 when Siaka Stevens became prime minister of Sierra Leone and recognized how lucrative the diamond trade industry was. Stevens made a very large profit out of illegal diamond mining and trading, and in the following years most diamond trade in Sierra Leone was illegal. In 1991, Sierra Leone became an extremely volatile region as the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) started attacking the governments. While their “official” goal was to end crime and corruption, it became apparent that their interests lay in controlling the diamond mines. With RUF controlling all the diamond mines, labor conditions were extremely poor with very harsh punishment for slight mistakes. These diamonds from Sierra Leone as well as certain other African countries became known as blood diamonds or conflict diamonds. In the 1990s, approximately $125 million worth of rough diamonds were bought by just Europe.

World Bank

The United Nations has a provision for providing financial assistance and monetary relief for member states. These organizations are the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Both the World Bank and the International Monetary fund were products of the Bretton Woods Agreement which took place in 1945, approximately around the time the United Nations was created. Initially the purpose of the Bretton Woods Agreement was to raise and distribute funds in order to reconstruct a post WWII war-torn Europe. There are some key differences between the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank and it is important to be able to differentiate between the two. Though they are always grouped together, they each serve certain key purposes.

The World Bank is a financial institution that provides financial and technical assistance to developing nations for programs such as bridges, roads, school, etc. World Bank loans are ultimately meant to reduce poverty in these nations. The World Bank is broken up into two sub-institutions: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and International Development Association. As previously mentioned, the primary reason for the World Bank at the time of its creation was to help rebuild a devastated Europe, therefore the first loan given out by the World Bank was $250 Million to France to help rebuild their country after WWII. Its duties and purposes have naturally grown over the years to incorporate many other needs.

Currently, the World Bank is directing most of its focus towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals by lending mostly to “middle income nations” with fairly low interest rates. The World Bank recognizes five key factors as necessary additions for economic growth and the creation of a better business environment. These factors are to strengthen government/educate government officials, create infrastructure, develop financial systems, fight corruption, and finally to offer a forum for research, consulting, and training programs.

The purpose of the World Bank is to provide financial assistance; they do this in the form of loans and grants. Loans come in two types: investment loans and developmental policy loans. Investment loans are meant to support economic and social development projects and developmental policy loans provide quick disbursing finance to support countries’ policy and intuitional reforms. The World Bank will also issue grants to enable countries to enact development programs. Grants are typically used for debt relief, improving sanitation and water supply, combating HIV/AIDS, supporting civil society organizations, and help with the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The International Monetary Fund is an institution that oversees the global financial system by following macroeconomic policies of its member countries in regards to topics such as exchange rates and the balance of payments. The International Monetary fund was created in order to stabilize foreign exchange rates and facilitates developments. Like the World Bank, it also offers financial and technical assistance to its members; however the International Monetary Fund is a lender of last resort. The International Monetary Fund’s main goals are to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment, sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty. To be a member of the International Monetary Fund there are several terms that the member states adhere to such as membership fees and voting rights. The International Monetary Fund will also advise and make recommendations to member countries to improve their economies. During this economic climate, the International Monetary Fund is being called upon more and more for financial assistance.

Both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund are financial institutions that transcend borders however; there are differences to be noted. World Bank is mostly associated with loans and grants while the International Monetary Fund is the epicenter of the global monetary system.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a charter accepted and adopted by the United Nations. Officially, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is part of the International Bill of Human Rights which is an informal title given to two treaties created by the United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights came into being after WWII and it is representative of the first time in history where the world was mobilized to establish rights that all human beings are innately born with.

After the atrocities committed in Nazi Germany, there was a need for something of this nature as one of the United Nation’s main goals was to reiterate fundamental human rights for all. Several people were involved in drafting the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the forerunner being John Peters Humphrey. At the time of the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights he was the Director of the Division of Human Rights within the United Nations Secretariat. The Commission on Human Rights was commissioned to take on this project after Humphrey provided them with the initial draft. The United Nations wanted the members of this commission to be representative of the world and it was a very diverse group of people originating from countries ranging from Australia, Iran, and Yugoslavia to just name a few. A very famous author of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was Eleanor Roosevelt who was the chairman.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948 by a landslide vote. No countries were against this charter, while 8 abstained; these countries were Soviet Bloc states. As of 1998, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been unanimously adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. Every year on December 10, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is commemorated and it is known as Human Rights Day or International Human Rights Day.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has not only been adopted by the United Nations and been integral in many of their efforts but it has also become a part of customary international law. Customary international law is the basis of practice in the International Court of Justice. Apart from being institutional in international law and the United Nations, this charter has also had a tremendous influence in the constitutions of other countries. Furthermore, this document has also served as the foundation for two major United Nations human rights covenants.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has received both praise and criticism from dignitaries across the world. Officials around the world including Pope John Paul II as well as organizations such as the EU have praised this document. However, in certain parts of the world this charter does not have the same creed. Primarily in Islamic countries such as Sudan, Pakistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia there has been criticism for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Their argument is that the charter does not take into account cultural and religious factors. While there is a certain level of criticism for this declaration, it is for the most part one of the defining pieces of work in the 20th century and has had a tremendously positive influence worldwide.

United Nation

United Nation

The United Nations is an international organization which “aims to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achieving world peace.” The United Nations was founded in 1945 after WWII and it replaced the League of Nations. The purpose of the United Nations during its creation was to end wars between nations and give countries a forum for dialogue between each other. The United Nations currently boasts 192 member states, which includes nearly every recognized independent state in the world. The United Nations has its headquarters in New York City and the building is considered international territory. The United Nations is divided into five administrative bodies; The General Assembly which is the main deliberative body, the Security Council which decides certain resolutions for peace and security, The Economic and Social Council which aids in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development, the Secretariat which provides studies, information and facilities needed by the United Nations, and last but certainly not least is the International Court of Justice which serves as the primary judicial organ.

The United Nations was the successor to the League of Nations which was for the most part considered to be an incompetent organization and was not an effective governing body. In April of 1954, the United Nations Conference of International Organization began in San Francisco. 50 governments and many non governmental organizations such as Rotary International and Lions Clubs International all helped in drafting the Charter of the United Nations. In October of 1945 the United Nations became official after the Charter of the United Nations was ratified by the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and by a majority of the 46 other member states. These countries in the United Nations Security Council were France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The first meeting of the General Assembly took place in Westminster Central Hall in London, the location has since moved to the United Nations building in New York City.

The United Nations has had considerable success in the social arena, fostering human rights, economic development, decolonization, health, education, assisting refugees, and ensuring fair trade. The United Nations is quite remarkable, as they were able to garner such support and confidence from the very beginning. While there have still been wars, threats on international security, genocides, and a slew of other problems one cannot dismiss the effect that the United Nations has had. There may always be problems, however they would be magnified and multiply if it weren’t for international bodies such as the United Nations and their ability to facilitate discussion and dialogue among member states.

The United Nations is an organization that includes every government on earth. Each country in the United Nations is referred to as a member state and form the United Nations General Assembly. The United Nations General Assembly is one of the five man facets of the United Nations. The United Nations General Assembly oversees the budget of the UN, appoints the non-permanent members of the Security Council, receive reports from other parts of the UN, and make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions. The United Nations General Assembly meets under its president or secretary general in regular yearly sessions from September to December. Though those are the usual meeting times, they reconvene for special and emergency sessions. The United Nations General Assembly will vote on important world decisions such as recommendations on peace and security, election of members to organs, admission, suspension, and expulsion matters.

The General Assembly will vote n many resolutions brought forth by sponsoring states. These resolutions are usually symbolic statements surrounding a world issue; they can range anywhere to the proliferation of arms to ending genocide. A major disadvantage to the United Nations General Assembly is the lack of a legal and binding contract. While the United Nations General Assembly is representative of the international community, they have no real authority in enforcing laws and resolutions. However, the United Nations General Assembly does have a great deal of power and the notion that they are an organization that cannot enforce anything is false and should be disregarded. Furthermore, the United Nations General Assembly have the authority to take final decisions in areas such as the budget, but resolutions passed by the United Nations General Assembly may also be constitutive or proof of international customary law and therefore binding on the member states.

Within the United Nations General Assembly, there are six main sub committees; The First Committee: Disarmament and International Security, The Second Committee: Economic and Financial, The Third Committee: Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian, The Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization, The Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary, and The Sixth Committee: Legal.

While there are regularly scheduled meetings for the United Nations General Assembly, they may convene for special sessions. For instance, they may meet at the request of the United Nations Security Council; another special session was for the Millennium Development Goals. There are also emergency special sessions that convene during times of urgency and will meet many times within the next one or two days regarding matters of international peace and security.

The United Nations General Assembly is truly a stunning body of people and we owe them a great deal for being able to change the world. While there many always be problems in the world, the United Nations General Assembly has been able to thwart certain issues from coming into play and it has also offered a forum for world leaders to discuss matters at hand and attempt to resolve any problems they may have.

Afghanistan Human Rights

Social Consign For Afghanis !   /   Are There Human Rights in Afghanistan?

Afghanistan Human Rights


Human rights in Afghanistan are almost non-existent.  Women, children, people with disabilities, and displaced persons in human beings are treated mostly it’s possible.  Weak law enforcement and corruption, lack of social services, civil war, political unrest, among other issues are major opponents to enforcing basic human rights. 


Progress in Afghanistan for obtaining the rights of its citizens has been very minimal to non-existent in some areas of the country.  AIHRC (Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission) was developed in 2002.  The commission has designed a four year (2010-2013) strategic plan to assist in the development and enforcement of basic human rights.  However, the Chairperson, Dr. Sima Samar, who ironically is a woman, paints a bleak picture of the human rights situation currently in existence in Afghanistan.  She does feel with the assistance and perseverance of AIHRC that the country can make strides in achieving the enforcement of basic human rights for all citizens of Afghanistan. 


There have been laws set through the Constitution of Afghanistan which states they will observe the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).  However, there is little to no enforcement in any area of human rights.  The Constitution says the country belongs to all ethnicities in the country but commonly people are persecuted because someone thinks they are a different race.  The Constitution talks about a society free of oppression, discrimination, and violence, social justice, protection of human rights and dignity, and ensuring fundamental rights and freedoms of the people.  This is a joke to the citizens of Afghanistan as none of those listed are enforced.  


Violations are numerous throughout the country.  Many, many of the violations are not even reported.  Education of the citizens will be vital in helping them to understand that it is not appropriate to abuse women and children and/or violate their rights.  Women and children will have to be educated to make sure they know what their basic human rights. 


With the Taliban leading the country at this point, numerous questions have been raised as to the enforcement of human rights.  The Taliban condones kidnapping of people they feel are spies or working for other international military organizations.  Most often those kidnapped are killed.  Over three thousand civilians in the country have been killed as of the beginning of 2013.  They were killed by military attacks on their communities, kidnapping, and roadside bombings.  Within the Taliban controlled government, there are only nine women out of the 70 officials.  Most citizens feel this is only for the sake of the United Nations demanding the rights of equality in employment.  These citizens are also very concerned about the women being persecuted if they speak against the Taliban. 


Afghanistan has a very long way to go before it can be said they meet the needs of basic human rights.  The United Nations, AIHRC, and UDHR are trying to help the citizens through education as to what exactly their basic human rights are and financial support for social services as the citizens come forward requesting help.  The Taliban is resistant to any agreement to help these organizations financially and are only doing as little as possible to enforce the rights of the citizens.