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Afghanistan Human Rights

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Afghanistan Human Rights


Human rights in Afghanistan are almost non-existent.  Women, children, people with disabilities, and displaced persons in human beings are treated mostly it’s possible.  Weak law enforcement and corruption, lack of social services, civil war, political unrest, among other issues are major opponents to enforcing basic human rights. 


Progress in Afghanistan for obtaining the rights of its citizens has been very minimal to non-existent in some areas of the country.  AIHRC (Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission) was developed in 2002.  The commission has designed a four year (2010-2013) strategic plan to assist in the development and enforcement of basic human rights.  However, the Chairperson, Dr. Sima Samar, who ironically is a woman, paints a bleak picture of the human rights situation currently in existence in Afghanistan.  She does feel with the assistance and perseverance of AIHRC that the country can make strides in achieving the enforcement of basic human rights for all citizens of Afghanistan. 


There have been laws set through the Constitution of Afghanistan which states they will observe the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).  However, there is little to no enforcement in any area of human rights.  The Constitution says the country belongs to all ethnicities in the country but commonly people are persecuted because someone thinks they are a different race.  The Constitution talks about a society free of oppression, discrimination, and violence, social justice, protection of human rights and dignity, and ensuring fundamental rights and freedoms of the people.  This is a joke to the citizens of Afghanistan as none of those listed are enforced.  


Violations are numerous throughout the country.  Many, many of the violations are not even reported.  Education of the citizens will be vital in helping them to understand that it is not appropriate to abuse women and children and/or violate their rights.  Women and children will have to be educated to make sure they know what their basic human rights. 


With the Taliban leading the country at this point, numerous questions have been raised as to the enforcement of human rights.  The Taliban condones kidnapping of people they feel are spies or working for other international military organizations.  Most often those kidnapped are killed.  Over three thousand civilians in the country have been killed as of the beginning of 2013.  They were killed by military attacks on their communities, kidnapping, and roadside bombings.  Within the Taliban controlled government, there are only nine women out of the 70 officials.  Most citizens feel this is only for the sake of the United Nations demanding the rights of equality in employment.  These citizens are also very concerned about the women being persecuted if they speak against the Taliban. 


Afghanistan has a very long way to go before it can be said they meet the needs of basic human rights.  The United Nations, AIHRC, and UDHR are trying to help the citizens through education as to what exactly their basic human rights are and financial support for social services as the citizens come forward requesting help.  The Taliban is resistant to any agreement to help these organizations financially and are only doing as little as possible to enforce the rights of the citizens.